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Asked by: Hank Upton
Updated: 1 January 2020 03:04:00 AM

How many neutrons does potassium?

Potassium1939.0983 atomic mass units1920
Name
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Number of Protons
Number of Neutrons

Taking this into account why does potassium have 20 neutrons?

For potassium it is about 39.
This means that the atomic weight is 39 for both protons and neutrons. Since we know that the number of protons is 19 we can calculate the number of neutrons (39 19) as 20.

With this consideration in mind, how many neutrons does potassium and calcium have?

2.1 Electrons, Protons, Neutrons, and Atoms
ElementSymbolAtomic No.
ArgonAr18
PotassiumK19
CalciumCa20

In the same vein people ask how many electrons are in potassium?

Potassium is the fourth element in the first column of the periodic table. It is classified as an alkali metal. Potassium atoms have 19 electrons and 19 protons with one valence electron in the outer shell.
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Related questions and answers

Why is U-235 better than u-238?

The U-238 nucleus also has 92 protons but has 146 neutrons – three more than U-235 – and therefore has a mass of 238 units. The difference in mass between U-235 and U-238 allows the isotopes to be separated and makes it possible to increase or "enrich" the percentage of U-235.

Is potassium 40 dangerous?

There is really no danger from the radiation coming from the 40K that makes up only 0.012% (120 ppm) of the total amount of potassium found in nature. Potassium-40 decays by electron capture and beta decay. The radiation from potassium-chloride is not much more radioactive than natural background radiation.

What is the symbol for uranium 235?

235U
Uranium-235 (235U) is an isotope of uranium making up about 0.72% of natural uranium. Unlike the predominant isotope uranium-238, it is fissile, i.e., it can sustain a fission chain reaction.
Uranium-235.
General
Symbol235U
Namesuranium-235, U-235
Protons92
Neutrons143

What does radiation do to a human body?

Exposure to very high levels of radiation, such as being close to an atomic blast, can cause acute health effects such as skin burns and acute radiation syndrome (“radiation sickness"). It can also result in long-term health effects such as cancer and cardiovascular disease.

What percentage of potassium-40 remains after 3 half lives?

After 3 half-lives, 12.5% of the potassium-40 remains undecayed.

Is U-235 or U 238 more radioactive?

Though uranium is highly associated with radioactivity, its rate of decay is so low that this element is actually not one of the more radioactive ones out there. Uranium-238 has a half-life of an incredible 4.5 billion years. Uranium-235 has a half-life of just over 700 million years.

Why Uranium 235 is unstable?

Certain isotopes of some elements can be split and will release part of their energy as heat. Uranium-235 (U-235) is one of the isotopes that fissions easily. During fission, U-235 atoms absorb loose neutrons. This causes U-235 to become unstable and split into two light atoms called fission products.

Why is U-238 more stable than U-235?

U-238 is the most abundant uranium followed by U-U- 235 and 234. The difference between the three isotopes is the number of neutrons present in the nucleus. U-238 has 4 more neutrons than U-234 and three more neutrons than U-235. U-238 is more stable thus being more abundant naturally.

What is potassium-40 used to date?

Potassium-argon dating, method of determining the time of origin of rocks by measuring the ratio of radioactive argon to radioactive potassium in the rock. This dating method is based upon the decay of radioactive potassium-40 to radioactive argon-40 in minerals and rocks; potassium-40 also decays to calcium-40.

How is U 235 separated from U 238?

Thermal diffusion uses the transfer of heat across a thin liquid or gas to accomplish isotope separation. The process exploits the fact that the lighter 235U gas molecules will diffuse toward a hot surface, and the heavier 238U gas molecules will diffuse toward a cold surface.

How many years are there in the half-life of potassium-40?

The half-life of potassium-40 that decays through beta emission is 1.28 × 109 years, however the half-life of potassium-40 that decays through positron emission is 1.19 × 1010 years.

How is uranium-235 obtained?

The mining of uranium
Uranium is found in small amounts in most rocks, and even in seawater. The uranium solution is then pumped to the surface. The uranium solution from the mines is then separated, filtered and dried to produce uranium oxide concentrate, often referred to as 'yellowcake'.

What percentage of potassium is radioactive?

Bananas are rich in potassium (chemical symbol K), and a very small fraction of that naturally-occurring potassium is in fact radioactive – about one-hundredth of one percent (actually 120 parts per million). The radioactive variety of potassium is potassium-40 (K-40, 0.012% of total potassium).

What does U 235 decay into?

fissile material
Of these naturally occurring isotopes, only uranium-235 is directly fissionable by neutron irradiation. However, uranium-238, upon absorbing a neutron, forms uranium-239, and this latter isotope eventually decays into plutonium-239—a fissile material of great importance in nuclear power and…

How does potassium-40 decay?

The half-life of potassium-40 is 1.3 billion years, and it decays to calcium-40 by emitting a beta particle with no attendant gamma radiation (89% of the time) and to the gas argon-40 by electron capture with emission of an energetic gamma ray (11% of the time).

What percentage of natural uranium is U 235?

Uranium containing the relative concentrations of isotopes found in nature (0.7 percent uranium-235, 99.3 percent uranium-238, and a trace amount of uranium-234 by mass).

Is potassium 40 radioactive?

Potassium-40 (40K) is a naturally occurring radioactive isotope of the common element potassium (potassium represents about 2.4% by weight of the earth's crust). The half-life of 40K is 1.248 x 109 years [1]  its origins are primordial.

Is Potassium a stable atom?

Please visit the Potassium element page for information specific to the chemical element of the periodic table.
Potassium-39.
PubChem CID10129879
DescriptionPotassium-39 atom is the stable isotope of potassium with relative atomic mass 38.963707, 93.3 atom percent natural abundance and nuclear spin 3/2. ChEBI

What is the half-life of uranium 235?

The half-life of uranium-238 is about 4.5 billion years, uranium-235 about 700 million years, and uranium-234 about 25 thousand years.

What is U-235 used for?

What is it used for? Uranium “enriched” into U-235 concentrations can be used as fuel for nuclear power plants and the nuclear reactors that run naval ships and submarines. It also can be used in nuclear weapons.

Why is U 238 not used as a fuel?

U is not usable directly as nuclear fuel, though it can produce energy via "fast" fission. In this process, a neutron that has a kinetic energy in excess of 1 MeV can cause the nucleus of 238U to split in two.

How many neutrons does potassium 39 have?

Potassium-39 has twenty neutrons. Potassium-40 has twenty one neutrons.

Which shows the decay of potassium-40?

In about 10.72% of events, it decays to argon-40 (40Ar) by electron capture (EC), with the emission of a neutrino and then a 1.460 MeV gamma ray.

Why is potassium 40 unstable?

Its mass energy (or internal energy), however, is actually greater than either of its neighbours – calcium 40 and argon 40. This difference is enough to make potassium 40 unstable. The reason for this is that protons, like neutrons, like to exist in pairs in a nucleus.

Can you buy uranium 235?

Yet, the truth is, you can buy uranium ore from places like Amazon or Ebay, and you won't have to produce any special authorization to get it. The isotope that is used in bombs and reactors is Uranium-235, which is only about 0.72% of the natural uranium ore.

What is the shortest lived element?

The shortest-lived isotope of Ununtrium has a half life of only 0.24 milliseconds. Little is known about element 113 and its isotopes and possible compounds. The most stable isotope is Uut-286, which has a half life of 20 seconds.

Can you touch uranium?

Purified uranium metal or uranium oxide is chemically toxic (like lead) but not very radioactive. You can handle it. Don't eat it.