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Asked by: Tremaine Howe
Updated: 4 November 2021 06:04:00 PM

How are proteins and nucleic acids related?

Protein is a molecule made up of polypeptides. It is a class of biological molecule consisting of chains of amino acids called polypeptides. Nucleic acid is a class of macromolecules made up of long chain of polynucleotide that includes deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA).

With that being said, how are proteins and nucleic acids similar?

Nucleic acids contain the same elements as proteins: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen; plus phosphorous (C, H, O, N, and P). Nucleic acids are very large macromolecules composed of repetitive units of the same building blocks, nucleotides, similar to a pearl necklace made of many pearls.

Accordingly, the question is how are proteins and nucleotides related?

A group of three mRNA nucleotides encodes for a specific amino acid and is called a codon. Each mRNA corresponds to a specific amino acid sequence and forms the resultant protein. Several of the codons end up encoding for the same amino acid, a process that is referred to as redundancy in the genetic code.

In like manner what are proteins and nucleic acids examples of?

Types of biological macromolecules
Biological macromoleculeBuilding blocksExamples
LipidsFatty acids and glycerolFats, phospholipids, waxes, oils, grease, steroids
ProteinsAmino acidsKeratin (found in hair and nails), hormones, enzymes, antibodies
Nucleic acidsNucleotidesDNA, RNA
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Related questions and answers

Which fruit has most protein?

Guava. Guava is one of the most protein-rich fruits around. You'll get a whopping 4.2 grams of the stuff in every cup. This tropical fruit is also high in vitamin C and fiber.

What do the different types of protein do?

What are proteins and what do they do?
FunctionDescriptionExample
Structural componentThese proteins provide structure and support for cells. On a larger scale, they also allow the body to move.Actin
Transport/storageThese proteins bind and carry atoms and small molecules within cells and throughout the body.Ferritin

What foods are high in nucleic acids?

Not only did cultivated plants such as cereals and pulses show a high RNA-equivalent content but also vegetables such as spinach, leek, broccoli, Chinese cabbage and cauliflower.

What fruit is high in protein?

Guava. Guava is one of the most protein-rich fruits around. You'll get a whopping 4.2 grams of the stuff in every cup.

What is the best protein for your body?

Good sources of high-quality protein
  • Fish. Most seafood is high in protein and low in saturated fat.
  • Poultry.
  • Dairy products.
  • Beans.
  • Nuts and seeds.
  • Tofu and soy products.
  • Safety concerns.
  • Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and make sure you're getting enough calcium in your diet.

Which fruit is rich in lycopene?

Unlike most carotenoids, lycopene occurs in a few places in the diet. Besides tomatoes and tomato products, major sources of lycopene, other lycopene-rich foods include watermelon, pink grapefruit, pink guava, and papaya. Dried apricots and pureed rosehips contain relatively large amounts, too.

What is the role and function of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), carry genetic information which is read in cells to make the RNA and proteins by which living things function. The well-known structure of the DNA double helix allows this information to be copied and passed on to the next generation.

Is banana full of protein?

One serving, or one medium ripe banana, provides about 110 calories, 0 gram fat, 1 gram protein, 28 grams carbohydrate, 15 grams sugar (naturally occurring), 3 grams fiber, and 450 mg potassium.

What is the main function nucleic acids?

​Nucleic Acid Nucleic acid is an important class of macromolecules found in all cells and viruses. The functions of nucleic acids have to do with the storage and expression of genetic information. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) encodes the information the cell needs to make proteins.

Do all foods contain nucleic acids?

Most natural foods which contain resting cell tissue, such as grains of seed, have only high-molecular-mass nucleic acid components with different concentrations; however, growing cell tissue (e.g. soya-bean sprouts) show, as well as the nucleic acids, some lower-molecular-mass compounds.

What meat is the best source of protein?

What are the healthiest animal protein sources?
  • White-meat poultry, such as chicken or turkey breasts.
  • Fish, especially fatty fish like salmon, lake trout, mackerel, herring, sardines and tuna.
  • Pork tenderloin.
  • Lean or extra-lean cuts of beef such as sirloin or round cuts, greater than 93% lean ground beef.

Are nucleic acids a protein?

The cell encodes information, much like you recorded on a tape, into nucleic acids. So the sequence of these molecules in the polymer can convey "make a protein", "please replicate me", "transfer me to the nucleus" The other amazing part about nucleic acid is that they're very stable proteins.

What are 4 examples of proteins?

Learning Outcomes
Table 1. Protein Types and Functions
TypeExamples
TransportHemoglobin, albumin
StructuralActin, tubulin, keratin
HormonesInsulin, thyroxine

What are the 2 types of protein?

There are two main categories (or sources) of proteins – animal and plant based.

What are 4 functions of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids function to create, encode, and store biological information in cells, and serve to transmit and express that information inside and outside the nucleus.

What are the 3 function of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids function to create, encode, and store biological information in cells, and serve to transmit and express that information inside and outside the nucleus.

Which protein is best for human body?

Whey protein is one of the most commonly used proteins and is best for day-to-day use. It contains all of the essential amino acids and is easily digested. It helps boost energy and can reduce stress levels. Whey isolates and concentrates are best to use after a workout.

What is the healthiest meat to eat?

5 of the Healthiest Meats
  1. Sirloin Steak. Sirloin steak is both lean and flavorful – just 3 ounces packs about 25 grams of filling protein!
  2. Rotisserie Chicken & Turkey. The rotisserie cooking method helps maximize flavor without relying on unhealthy additives.
  3. Chicken Thigh.
  4. Pork Chop.
  5. Canned Fish.

What are the two major types of proteins?

There are two main categories (or sources) of proteins – animal and plant based.

What are the three functions of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids function to create, encode, and store biological information in cells, and serve to transmit and express that information inside and outside the nucleus.

What is the main function of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acid is an important class of macromolecules found in all cells and viruses. The functions of nucleic acids have to do with the storage and expression of genetic information. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) encodes the information the cell needs to make proteins.

How do we get nucleic acids?

The basic component of biological nucleic acids is the nucleotide, each of which contains a pentose sugar (ribose or deoxyribose), a phosphate group, and a nucleobase. Nucleic acids are also generated within the laboratory, through the use of enzymes (DNA and RNA polymerases) and by solid-phase chemical synthesis.

What foods dont have nucleic acids?

The only living parts that don't contain DNA are things like egg whites or filtered milk that are there for energy storage, or blood juices in which our blood cells float.

Do nucleic acids use proteins for energy?

Nucleic acids are a type of macromolecules that make up the genetic material. This is their main function. Unlike the other three macromolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins), nucleic acids are not used for energy production; therefore, the results stated in this question don't seem valid.

Is nucleic acid made of protein?

Nucleic acids are molecules made up of nucleotides that direct cellular activities such as cell division and protein synthesis. Each nucleotide is made up of a pentose sugar, a nitrogenous base, and a phosphate group.

What is an example of a protein food?

Protein foods poultry – chicken, turkey, duck, emu, goose, bush birds. fish and seafood – fish, prawns, crab, lobster, mussels, oysters, scallops, clams. eggs. dairy products – milk, yoghurt (especially Greek yoghurt), cheese (especially cottage cheese)

What is the healthiest protein source?

Good sources of high-quality protein
  • Fish. Most seafood is high in protein and low in saturated fat.
  • Poultry.
  • Dairy products.
  • Beans.
  • Nuts and seeds.
  • Tofu and soy products.
  • Safety concerns.
  • Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and make sure you're getting enough calcium in your diet.